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Key Bible and Theological Reference Tools: Lexicons

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This post is part of a series entitled Key Bible and Theological Reference ToolsThis series seeks to provide one with an introduction to some key Biblical and theological reference tools. In this series one will find basic explanations, significant examples, and other information about these reference tools.


Basic Description of Lexicon

A Biblical lexicon is a reference tool that provides meanings, semantic ranges, and significant uses of Biblical words in their original language. This data is organized according to an inventory of lexemes (i.e., a meaningful linguistic unit). Lexicons are particularly helpful in word studies.


Although not lexicons, these resources are primarily useful for conducting word studies. They provide background information and theological reflection on Biblical Hebrew and Greek words.

Lexicon Samples

HALOT by Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner (New York, NY: Brill Academic, 1994), pg. 185. * Click on photo for larger image.

BDAG by Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000), pg. 610. * Click on photo for larger image.

* This post’s information can be found within Rolfing Library’s research guides. See the guide to Lexicons here.


Author: Kirk E. Miller

Kirk E. Miller is a MDiv student at TEDS, reference assistant at Rolfing, and leader at Lake Drive Baptist Church (Milwaukee, WI). He blogs at You can follow him on Twitter at @KirkMiller_

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